What Are Cell Organelles? Organelles And Their Functions (Full List)

What Are Cell Organelles?

The cell is known as the smallest structural unit in a living thing. It is known as a structure that contains all the life features found in living things and can sustain life on its own when suitable conditions are provided. Among the characteristics of cells are features such as reproduction, growth, responding to all stimuli from the environment, releasing energy, taking raw materials in the environment, and a unique material synthesis.

Some specialized structural units in the cell are called organelles. Organelles are the structure of the cell in the cytoplasm, which has different properties such as feeding, excretion and respiration. Cell organelles include endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome, ribosome, vacuole, mitochondria, golgi apparatus, and chloroplast.

Organelles and Their Functions (Full List)

The organelles in the cell and the features of these organelles can be listed as follows:

1. Rhizobome: The ribosome, the most prominent feature of which is known as synthesizing protein, is located in the nuclear membrane and cytoplasm.

2. Lysosome: It is generally found in animal cells. Aged organelles or large particles provide lysosome degradation. It has no effect on plant and red blood cells.

3. Mitochondria: It is a structure that provides the respiration and energy of the cell. It produces the energy required for the cell and facilitates the cell’s respiration. The amount in the structure may vary according to the cell types. Cells in the liver and muscles have higher energies than others.

4. Endoplasmic Reticulum: It can be defined as an organelle that surrounds the inside of the cell and takes place in plant and animal cells. It serves to transport matter between the cell membrane and the nucleus, within the cell and in the cytoplasm. In addition, it also performs the storage of some materials.

5. Vacuum: It stores the excess material in the cell.

6. Golgi: It has flat sacs. It has the task of providing secretion substances.

7. Centrosome: It is the structure in charge of the cell division stage.

8. Chloroplast: It is located in the green parts of plant cells. It facilitates the realization of photosynthesis.

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This article discusses cell organelles, which are specialized structural units within a cell that have specific functions such as feeding, excretion, and respiration. The various organelles and their functions are described, including the ribosome, lysosome, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, vacuole, golgi apparatus, centrosome, and chloroplast. These organelles play crucial roles in sustaining the life of a cell and facilitating important biological processes such as respiration and photosynthesis.

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